If you are an EU citizen then a visa is not required for entrance to Spain.
A valid Passport or Identification card from your own country will allow entry and exit to Spain as and when you choose. There is also no minimum passport validity requirement but your passport must be valid on the dates you wish to travel.
Residence requirements – What do I need to live here?
There is often confusion about the differences between an NIE number and a residencia/certificate of residence. What exactly do you need if you are living here permanently, for only part of the year or whether you own a property but don’t live here? Do you need them both? How long do they last?
All EU Citizens wishing to live in Spain for more than three months should register themselves in person at the Oficina de Extranjeros however when you first arrive in Spain, or are thinking of making any sort of an investment here, you will need to apply for an NIE number. NIE numbers are applied for at the National Police Station foreigner’s office. This NIE number will enable you to pay taxes on any purchases ie a holiday home or car as well as obtaining your utilities etc.
Unfortunately the system and procedures for applying differ from office to office, province to province. Contact us at NIE in 1 Day for more information on how we can assist you in obtaining your NIE number with the minimum amount of fuss and stress and without wasting valuable days of your holiday queuing outside a police station!
Once you decide you wish to live here permanently, or after you have been here for 3 months, then you need to apply for your Residency. So what exactly is Residencia?
Some years ago, residents were issued with a residency card with a printed photograph which was very useful to carry for ID purposes. (It is the law in Spain that everyone must carry Government issued ID at all times, whether you are Spanish, a foreigner living here or someone simply on holiday. If you do not have Spanish ID then you must carry photo ID from your own country).
The residency card was abolished a few years later and replaced with a green A4 Certificate of Residency which stated your name, address, date and place of birth, nationality, parents’ names and your NIE number. There was no expiry date on this certificate and it could not be used as ID. This was obtained by presenting yourself at the National Police Station with your passport, application form, NIE certificate, photograph and, depending on where you applied, a padron or escritura (title deeds) and paying a tax.
In July 2010, the Government has again changed the requirements for residency for EU citizens and it has now become a much more complicated process. You are now obliged to provide proof that you are able to support yourself whilst living here, either from private income, working or your pension. You will also be asked about how you will be paying for your healthcare. The Government has issued strict guidelines for the police to follow when considering applications for Residency and whilst the police are becoming accustomed to the new paperwork, applications are taking longer to process than previously. The Residency now takes the form of a small green card with your personal details but is not an accepted form of ID.
If you need any help or advice with your EU or Non EU residency or NIE requirements, please contact us at NIE in 1 Day.